When coming from SQL Server, you might find it weird that you don’t see code that looks like this in Oracle’s PL/SQL

select 2

select sysdate --  getdate()in SQL Server

Unlike with SQL Server that code won’t run in Oracle, Oracle requires the use of the FROM clause in its syntax. This is why Oracle has the DUAL table.

If you try to run something like this

select 2;

you will get the following error

_ORA-00923: FROM keyword not found where expected

  1. 00000 – “FROM keyword not found where expected”_

I decided to see where the Dual table came from.

From wikipedia

The DUAL table was created by Charles Weiss of Oracle corporation to provide a table for joining in internal views:

I created the DUAL table as an underlying object in the Oracle Data Dictionary. It was never meant to be seen itself, but instead used inside a view that was expected to be queried. The idea was that you could do a JOIN to the DUAL table and create two rows in the result for every one row in your table. Then, by using GROUP BY, the resulting join could be summarized to show the amount of storage for the DATA extent and for the INDEX extent(s). The name, DUAL, seemed apt for the process of creating a pair of rows from just one.

The original DUAL table had two rows in it (hence its name), but subsequently it only had one row.

Running the following code

select * from dual;

Give you a resultset of 1 row with 1 column named DUMMY with the value X

So there you have it, this is why the Dual table exists.

If you need to do something like this


in Oracle it needs to be

SELECT 3/2 from dual;

However Oracle returns 1.5 while SQL Server will return 1, SQL Server does integer math and Oracle does not. That is another difference you need to be aware of, this is more problematic when moving from Oracle SQL Server and then wondering where all the decimals went.